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Research Article |

Factors Associated with Vitamin A Supplementation in Children aged 6-59 Months in Guinea: Secondary Analysis of 2018 Demographic and Health Survey Data

Introduction: Vitamin A is a nutrient required for normal functioning of the visual system, growth, development, cellular integrity of the epithelium, immune function, and reproduction. Deficiency can be serious for children. Therefore, the WHO has recommended high-dose vitamin A supplementation for infants and children aged between 6 and 59 months in situations where vitamin A deficiency is a public health problem. Assorted studies have demonstrated a strong association between vitamin A deficiency and an increased risk of infections, visual defects, and anemia. Factors linked to mothers and residential environments are thought to be associated with Vit A supplementation. The aim of our study was to identify these factors in children aged 6-59 months in Guinea using data from the DHS 2018. Methods: This was a secondary analysis of data from the Demographic and Health Survey conducted in 2018 by a cross-sectional survey in Guinea. We analyzed data from 4240 mothers who responded to questions about Vit A supplementation of their children. A descriptive analysis of the survey data was performed using Stata 14.0 software, and factors associated with Vit A supplementation were then identified using univariate analysis. Multivariate analysis was also performed, considering only factors with a p-value ≤0.050 in the model. Results: Overall coverage of Vit A supplementation was 42%, with variations according to administrative region. The mother's level of education and work/occupation, household wealth quintile and region of residence were associated with Vit A supplementation in children aged 6-59 months. Conclusion: Vit A supplementation coverage of children aged 6-59 months is low in Guinea, far from the 80% target that would significantly reduce infant mortality. Interventions on modifiable associated factors and routinization of supplementation could improve Vit A supplementation coverage. We suggest carrying out similar in-depth studies in certain prefectures in order to make a comparison and draw conclusions based on the evidence.

Associated Factors, Vit A Supplementation, DHS 2018, Guinea

APA Style

Sow, A., Keita, F. S., Sow, S., Diallo, A. O., Kouame, J. K., et al. (2024). Factors Associated with Vitamin A Supplementation in Children aged 6-59 Months in Guinea: Secondary Analysis of 2018 Demographic and Health Survey Data. World Journal of Public Health, 9(1), 43-48. https://doi.org/10.11648/wjph.20240901.16

ACS Style

Sow, A.; Keita, F. S.; Sow, S.; Diallo, A. O.; Kouame, J. K., et al. Factors Associated with Vitamin A Supplementation in Children aged 6-59 Months in Guinea: Secondary Analysis of 2018 Demographic and Health Survey Data. World J. Public Health 2024, 9(1), 43-48. doi: 10.11648/wjph.20240901.16

AMA Style

Sow A, Keita FS, Sow S, Diallo AO, Kouame JK, et al. Factors Associated with Vitamin A Supplementation in Children aged 6-59 Months in Guinea: Secondary Analysis of 2018 Demographic and Health Survey Data. World J Public Health. 2024;9(1):43-48. doi: 10.11648/wjph.20240901.16

Copyright © 2024 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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